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Each hospital and health system-and insurer-has unique circumstances, but there are several common approaches that are likely to help curb the growth in drug costs.
We’ve all seen reports suggesting that pharmaceutical prices and the cost of new drugs are on the rise. In fact, drug costs are among the fastest-growing expense categories for hospital providers, and more than 64% of healthcare executives have reported that inpatient drug spending has increased “significantly” over the past five years, according to the Advisory Board.
Increases in prices are just one factor affecting expenditures on drugs. Utilization, drug prescription, variation, and drug innovation are also having a major impact on drug costs. So how do we approach-and holistically manage-drug costs for the benefit of our patients?
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Each hospital and health system-and insurer-has unique circumstances, but there are several common approaches that are likely to help curb the growth in drug costs:
1. Use generic drugs. The drug industry is dynamic, and new drugs are constantly being introduced as mature drugs rotate off patents. As a result, enforcing optimal generic drug use requires constant vigilance. Each hospital or health system should have a process in place to work with clinicians on optimizing the use of generics and monitoring the ongoing portfolio of drugs available for generic use. They must also monitor the variation between similar generic choices, which themselves may have significant price differentials. This process is a simple-but essential-part of the overall drug management strategy.
Recently, leading providers have begun exploring ways to manufacture their own supply of generic drugs and further reduce the cost of procuring this class of pharmaceuticals.
2. Implement standards of care and other best practices. Practice variation is a hidden element of utilization that requires careful study and analysis. There are various ways to approach practice variation, and a few common approaches include the following:
3. Attack waste. A great example is the reduction of intravenous medication waste with the use of new IV administration technologies. IV medications are often custom-built for patients with unique needs, who require frequent changes based on his or her condition. These IVs may also have a limited shelf life, and may be prepared in batches ahead of anticipated need. By using technology-assisted work flow systems, IVs can be prepared closer to administration time, cutting down on IV waste.
There are many ways to reduce pharmaceutical waste, and working directly with your clinical staff to identify these simple but powerful opportunities is a critically important aspect of any waste-reduction program. Many hospitals develop committees or task forces that look specifically at these types of opportunities.
4. Manage drug shortages. Drug shortages directly affect drug costs, and when critical drugs are not available, patient care can also be affected. In some circumstances, shortages can even affect hospital labor costs, as staff expends significant time and effort addressing the shortage.
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Actively managing inventory and staying attuned to market dynamics are key to effectively avoiding temporary shortages. It’s important that hospitals have the proper protocols defined to effectively deal with drug shortages. This includes the approval of alternative therapies and, when practical, the identification of approved substitutions in advance of the actual shortage.
Jeff Crudele serves as chief financial officer of Allegheny Health Network, part of the Highmark Health family of companies. His career spans over 30 years, and he has served as a chief financial officer, chief executive officer, and operations executive at some of the nation’s largest and most successful healthcare companies.