Americans are Continuing to Struggle with Healthcare Literacy

Results from a survey conducted by DirectPath revealed many consumers still lack the knowledge required to make informed choices about their health plan and care, which displays as a concern for healthcare education and transparency.

It's been found that 55% of healthcare consumers do not know they can compare treatment or service costs before choosing where to get care, according to the recent report, 2021 Consumer Report: All Eyes on Health Care - But Not Enough on Health Care Literacy.

The second annual report, conducted by DirectPath, is based on a survey of more than 1,050 people with employer-sponsored health insurance.

Results from the survey revealed many consumers still lack the knowledge required to make informed choices about their health plan and care, which displays as a concern for healthcare education and transparency.

According to the report, almost one-third (31%) of employees know they have received an inaccurate medical bill in the last three years, however, 52% say they don't know how to dispute or fix a medical bill.

In addition, almost half of Americans receive their health insurance through employer coverage, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation. Although, the DirectPath survey reveals only more than one-third (37%) take advantage of the available employer resources to learn how to choose and use their health plans.

Instead, many people turn to family (24%) and friends (14%), or self-conducted Internet research (34%) to help inform their plan choices. Turning to these outside sources can be problematic, as most are unfamiliar with the employer's plans or the employee's individual needs — and can be factually inaccurate, according to a release from DirectPath.

COVID-19 changed the way employees accessed information about their benefits, with 34% taking advantage of online resources to learn more about their coverage, the release said. This corresponds with a slight decrease in the use of more traditional materials, with 27% using their employer's HR presentations compared to 33% in 2020, and 29% using printed materials versus 41% in 2020.

Receiving Care: When and Where
Not only did the pandemic change the way consumers received information about their care, but it also changed the way they sought care. Nearly one-quarter (24%) of consumers reported cancelling or postponing all healthcare appointments, while 23% reported skipping all preventive care appointments – only seeking care when they were sick. On the other hand, employees showcased their willingness to explore new ways of receiving care as more than one-third (36%) of consumers reported using telemedicine for the first time, compared to 22% who used it previously.

These shifts in the way care and information about care is delivered should raise questions for employees regarding how they choose and use their benefits. Results shared few employees take advantage of opportunities to speak with HE or benefits experts when it is available. Just 19% report taking advantage of a conversation with an HR representative and 10% report talking with benefits educators. Reassuringly, over 80% of employees that did take advantage of one-on-one conversations found them to be very or extremely helpful.

Knowledge gaps in health insurance literacy is a root cause of many poor healthcare decisions which lead to lower quality care and higher costs.

Some examples found in the report are:

  • Only 23% of survey respondents report taking advantage of cost-comparison solutions offered by their healthcare carrier.
  • 57% report they only check if a provider is in-network when they plan to visit a new provider or facility, and 25% only do so when their health plan changes.
  • Of the respondents who were aware that they received an inaccurate medical bill within the past three years, an alarming 7% admitted they knowingly received an inaccurate medical bill and did nothing about it – with 52% of those people failing to take action because they didn't know they could.

"Despite the COVID-19 pandemic drawing attention to health and healthcare more than ever before, employees still do not understand what they can do to get the most from their plans and to manage their costs. For something that touches not only consumers' personal health, but also their financial well-being, most are woefully unprepared to take control," said Kim Buckey, vice president of client services at DirectPath, in the release. "Providing individualized support is critical to 'making it real' for employees, so they can learn to improve health care decision making and health plan use.

Buckey added increased one-on-one benefits education and more transparency in the healthcare industry are critical to ensuring employees are able to choose and use their plans effectively.