Rofecoxib use increases congestive heart failure risk compared to celecoxib and nonselective NSAIDs

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A study was conducted to assess hospital admission rates for congestive heart failure in patients dispensed cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors or nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Researchers at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, studied patients taking rofecoxib (Vioxx, Merck), celecoxib (Celebrex, Pfizer), and nonselective NSAIDs, with a control group consisting of non-NSAID users who were not given any study drugs. Study findings indicate that, relative to non-NSAID users, patients receiving rofecoxib and nonselective NSAIDs had an increased risk of admission for congestive heart failure than patients taking celecoxib.

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