CMS has set in motion a voluntary episode bundled payment model, Bundled Payments for Care Improvement Advanced (BPCI Advanced), that will test a new iteration of bundled payments for 32 clinical episodes and aim to align incentives among participating providers for reducing expenditures and improving quality of care for Medicare beneficiaries.
The model will qualify providers for additional incentives under the 2015 Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA).
“At its core, BPCI Advanced strives to coordinate providers across the continuum to reduce costs and improve quality of care for Medicare beneficiaries,” says Clay Richards, president & CEO of naviHealth, one of the first companies to engage with the current BPCI initiative.
“CMS made clear in its announcement that it will continue its goal of tying payment to performance and focus on the quality of care rather than quantity of services furnished,” Richards says.
“BPCI Advanced …. will allow participating providers to take steps toward value-based care,” says Darcie Hurteau, senior director of informatics, DataGen, a healthcare data analytics and policy firm.
There are six things experts want you to know about BPCI Advanced:
1. BPCI Advanced isn't a huge change from the original BPCI model, which is a good thing. “CMS made adjustments to ensure the acute care hospitals and physician group practices can participate in 32 core episode groups—29 inpatient and three outpatient—versus 48,” Richards says. “All episodes are based on 90 days post-hospitalization, meaning providers are responsible for patients for the same period of time across all episodes. CMS used data to focus on what works best for participating organizations to improve the program in this next stage.”
2. There’s still some things we don’t know. “Although we have some details about BPCI Advanced—that there will be seven quality measures, that there are three outpatient episodes—we are still missing some information,” Hurteau says.
Currently, it’s undetermined how episodes will be constructed or how the quality scores will be calculated, for example, according to Hurteau. “Practices who are thinking about participating should take some important first steps: request your data from CMS—this doesn’t obligate you to participate; evaluate your risks and opportunities; and then assess the strategic buy-in from the rest of your organization’s stakeholders.”
3. There’s opportunities for additional savings. BPCI Advanced will also be an advanced alternative payment model (APM) that allows physicians to qualify for financial incentives through the new Quality Payment Program (created to comply with MACRA), according to Richards.
“BPCI Advanced has many quality measures that participants will be measured against,” he says. “Performance on these quality metrics will have a direct effect on payments in BPCI Advanced. High-performing providers may earn significant financial benefits.”
4. There’s a huge benefit to There’s a huge benefit to partnering with a convener, which CMS included in the new model. “Acute hospitals, health systems, and other providers can partner with an organization to share financial risk and provide clinical support technology and management services,” Richards says. “It alleviates a huge burden on these providers and allows the focus to be on the patient, rather than the administrative duties.”
5. Participants currently in Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement (CJR) program cannot participate for those diagnosis-related groups (DRGs) in BPCI Advanced. “Any care episode that a provider is already doing under CJR, cannot also be used for BPCI Advanced,” says Hurteau. “This prevents duplication of payment—you can’t get reimbursed for a bundled episode of care under two different programs.”
6. The majority of the clinical care episodes covered by BPCI Advanced were covered by the original BPCI, with the exception of three outpatient surgical procedures. “The three outpatient episodes included in BPCI Advanced were not part of the original BPCI program, but are new care episodes that we haven’t seen included in any bundled care program before,” Hurteau. says. “It makes sense that CMS made two out of the three outpatient procedures cardiac bundles, since a significant amount of those procedures are performed on an outpatient basis.”